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Adolescent Cellphone Use While Driving: an Overview of the Literature and Promising Future Directions for Prevention

[Zeitschriftenartikel]

Delgado, M. Kit; Wanner, Kathryn J.; McDonald, Catherine

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Zitationshinweis

Bitte beziehen Sie sich beim Zitieren dieses Dokumentes immer auf folgenden Persistent Identifier (PID):http://dx.doi.org/10.17645/mac.v4i3.536

Weitere Angaben:
Abstract Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death in adolescents, and drivers aged 16–19 are the most likely to die in distracted driving crashes. This paper provides an overview of the literature on adolescent cellphone use while driving, focusing on the crash risk, incidence, risk factors for engagement, and the effectiveness of current mitigation strategies. We conclude by discussing promising future approaches to prevent crashes related to cellphone use in adolescents. Handheld manipulation of the phone while driving has been shown to have a 3 to 4-fold increased risk of a near crash or crash, and eye glance duration greater than 2 seconds increases crash risk exponentially. Nearly half of U.S. high school students admit to texting while driving in the last month, but the frequency of use according to vehicle speed and high-risk situations remains unknown. Several risk factors are associated with cell phone use while driving including: parental cellphone use while driving, social norms for quick responses to text messages, and higher levels of temporal discounting. Given the limited effectiveness of current mitigation strategies such as educational campaigns and legal bans, a multi-pronged behavioral and technological approach addressing the above risk factors will be necessary to reduce this dangerous behavior in adolescents. (author's abstract)
Thesaurusschlagwörter adolescent; young adult; road traffic; motor vehicle; driver; accident; cause; accident prevention; cell phone; utilization; SMS; United States of America
Klassifikation interaktive, elektronische Medien; Technikfolgenabschätzung; Verkehrssoziologie
Freie Schlagwörter Smartphone
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2016
Seitenangabe S. 79-89
Zeitschriftentitel Media and Communication, 4 (2016) 3
Heftthema Adolescents in the Digital Age: Effects on Health and Development
ISSN 2183-2439
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz Creative Commons - Namensnennung
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