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Values Underlying the Information Culture in Communist and Post-Communist Russia (1917-1999)


Smaele, Hedwig de

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Abstract In this article the concept of information culture - understood as the dominant handling of information, shared by a dominant proportion of journalists, the public, authorities and other actors within a societal environment at a given time and place - is explored in the context of Communist and early post-Communist Russia (1917-1999). Three value pairs underlying the attitude towards information are explored: individualism and collectivism (the relation of man to the state), universalism and particularism (the relation of man to man), and pluralism versus dominance (the nature of knowledge and truth). Continuities are found between the Communist Soviet Union and post-Communist Russia in their instrumental use of media and information (collectivism), the view on information as a particular privilege rather than a universal right and the monopoly of truth. Post-Communism, therefore, appears not only as an indication of time (i.e. the period after Communism) but also as an indicator of the continuation of basic value orientations over these time periods. (author's abstract)
Thesaurusschlagwörter Russia; information flow; information society; media; effect; mass media; media society; communism; post-communist society; political culture; media policy; social norm; value; value system; collectivism; particularism; historical development
Klassifikation Medienpolitik, Informationspolitik, Medienrecht; Medieninhalte, Aussagenforschung; Kommunikationssoziologie, Sprachsoziologie, Soziolinguistik
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2015
Seitenangabe S. 15-25
Zeitschriftentitel Media and Communication, 3 (2015) 4
Heftthema Turbulences of the Central and Eastern European Media
ISSN 2183-2439
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz Creative Commons - Namensnennung