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Romanian Roma: an Institutional Ethnography of Labour Market Exclusion

[journal article]

Paulsen Breimo, Janne; Baciu, Loreni Elena

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Abstract Roma individuals are struggling to access the formal labour market in Romania. Previous research occupied with this issue has traditionally been dominated by quantitative studies of socio-economic indicators that cling to the characteristics of the ethnic group. The study presented here, however, uses institutional ethnography as a method of social inquiry to demonstrate that this issue needs to be studied from a bottom-up perspective. The article illustrates that there are factors connected to how the system of occupational integration operates that must be taken into consideration in order to explain the difficulties Roma individuals face when trying to enter the labour market in Romania. We argue that these structural barriers create and reinforce processes of minoritising that increase marginalization and discrimination and thereby hinder work inclusion for Roma individuals. (author's abstract)
Keywords Romania; gipsy; ethnography; ethnic group; minority; labor market; occupational integration; career prospect; unemployment; exclusion; discrimination; cultural factors
Classification Labor Market Research; Migration, Sociology of Migration
Free Keywords institutional ethnography
Document language English
Publication Year 2016
Page/Pages p. 116-126
Journal Social Inclusion, 4 (2016) 1
Issue topic Inclusive Technologies and Learning
ISSN 2183-2803
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution