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Irregular Migration flows and human trafficking in the Western Balkan countries: challenges of the covergence of counter-trafficking response

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Mece, Merita H.

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Abstract Irregular migration on the Western Balkan route has marked an unprecedented number during the last five years. Evidence indicates that both, non-European nationals and Western Balkan citizens have been involved in this complex migratory flow being exposed to various risks of human trafficking. But Western Balkan countries are source, transit and destination countries of human trafficking while their states are not well organized to implement a comprehensive and well-coordinated regional response to combat it. This paper aims at examining challenges faced by the Western Balkan countries to converge anti-trafficking response while facing increased irregular migratory waves. Using secondary data it illustrates various disparities and differences among them concluding that a well-coordinated, multi-faceted and integrated regional response is needed to combat this humanitarian problem. (author's abstract)
Keywords migration; refugee; slave trade; Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Macedonia; Kosovo; Montenegro; Serbia; social economics; corruption; underdeveloped region; illegal immigration; regional factors; crime fighting; political stability
Classification Migration, Sociology of Migration; Criminal Sociology, Sociology of Law; Political System, Constitution, Government
Document language English
Publication Year 2016
Page/Pages p. 38-48
Journal Journal of Liberty and International Affairs, 1 (2016) 1
ISSN 1857-9760
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution