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New Bottle, Old Wine: China's Governance of Hong Kong in View of Its Policies in the Restive Borderlands

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Chou, Bill

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Abstract "This paper reviews Beijing's Hong Kong policy, arguing that the policy mirrors China's policy towards its restive borderlands represented by Tibet and Xinjiang. The rule of Hong Kong and other borderlands in China will be understood in an analytical framework that highlights four broad policies of governing borderlands: promises of a high degree of local autonomy; extension of politico-administrative control; cultural assimilation; and economic integration and domination. These policies may be conceptualised within the term 'coercion'. It is argued that before Hong Kong's retrocession to China in 1997, the PRC's approach to the territory, in comparison to its approaches to Tibet and Xinjiang, was the least coercive - that is, China initially promised Hong Kong a high degree of autonomy over domestic affairs. The degree of coercion was stepped up when Hongkongers were perceived as becoming increasingly alienated from the new regime." (author's abstract)
Keywords Hong Kong; China; border region; autonomy; self-administration; political power; political independence; political influence; domestic policy; nationalities question; Far East
Classification Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture; International Relations, International Politics, Foreign Affairs, Development Policy
Document language English
Publication Year 2015
Page/Pages p. 177-209
Journal Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, 44 (2015) 4
ISSN 1868-4874
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-NoDerivs