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Hierarchy of identities in the Macedonian multicultural society: findings from a survey of student population

[journal article]

Hristova, Lidija; Cekik, Aneta

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-46832-7

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Abstract In multicultural societies as the Macedonian one, the attachment of citizens to particular identity traits is important for the democratic stability and peace. The aim of this paper is to find out how students from different ethnic origins in the R. Macedonia relate to their identity traits, especially to their national and ethnic identities, and relative to other identity traits. The basic assumptions are based on a phenomenon called "minority effect", according to which members of minority groups tend to attach greater importance to minority affiliations that are particularly important for their group identity (language, religion, ethnicity, tradition, etc.). Aside from importance of identity traits, the emotional and behavioural components of these attachments were also examined. The research results show that regardless of the ethnic origin, students attach greatest importance to their identities connected to their immediate social environment (family, friends), but also religion. In accordance with the "minority effect" hypothesis, religion and then ethnicity, are perceived by the ethnic Albanians as a strong cohesive and mobilizing factor, whereas that is not the case with the ethnic Macedonians. When it comes to nationality, the responses suggest that for ethnic Albanians it has marginal importance (through the cognitive, emotional and the action component), while ethnic Macedonians show controversial relation to their national identity. (author's abstract)
Keywords national identity; hierarchy; identity; student; Macedonia; cultural identity; ethnicity; multicultural society; ethnic origin; religious socialization; Albanian; Macedonian; emotionality
Classification Macrosociology, Analysis of Whole Societies; Cultural Sociology, Sociology of Art, Sociology of Literature
Document language English
Publication Year 2016
Page/Pages p. 10-23
Journal European Quarterly of Political Attitudes and Mentalities, 5 (2016) 2
ISSN 2285-4916
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works