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United Nations peacekeeping and the use of force: the Intervention Brigade in Congo is no model for success

Peacekeeping und der Einsatz von Gewalt: warum die Interventionsbrigade im Kongo kein Erfolgsmodell ist

Tull, Denis M.

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Corporate Editor Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik -SWP- Deutsches Institut für Internationale Politik und Sicherheit
Abstract The number of uniformed personnel serving in UN peace missions reached a new record in 2016, at almost 123,000. Following grave failings of UN missions in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and South Sudan, there is growing awareness within the UN of a widening disjoint between the expectations placed upon peacekeeping forces and what they can actually achieve. One aspect of the debate relates to the question of how robustly UN missions should operate in enforcing their mandate. In some quarters the resolute use of force is seen as the key to greater success. Almost three years ago the UN sent a Force Intervention Brigade to Congo with an explicit mandate to neutralise armed groups. An assessment of its record reveals that the brigade cannot be regarded as an organisational model worth replicating, and that peace-enforcing mandates do not necessarily lead to greater success in peacekeeping. (author's abstract)
Keywords UNO; peacekeeping; political actor; Democratic Republic of the Congo; military; intervention; civil defense; conflict management; peacekeeping troops; Central Africa
Classification Peace and Conflict Research, International Conflicts, Security Policy
Document language English
Publication Year 2016
City Berlin
Page/Pages 4 p.
Series SWP Comments, 20/2016
ISSN 1861-1761
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications