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Brazil: a short guide to comprehend its current institutional crisis

[research report]

Contipelli, Ernani

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Abstract In this article we analyze the current institutional crisis in Brazil, from the perspective of contemporary politics. This had caused the paradigmatic inversion of the Cooperative Brazilian State formula, framed originally by the Constitution, in particular, by dismantling the state monopoly of oil exploration and transferring it to the private sector. We also discuss the impact of these changes in the reviews conducted on the political and electoral systems to specifically create an institutional model that would offer an equitable representation of the population from all the regions across the country, facilitating greater transparency of the parliamentary activities and promoting well-defined distinctions among the coalition parties and clearly highlighting their ideological and political stances. Ultimately, all the considerations indicate the necessity of overcoming the contradictions present in the current Brazilian institutional model. This model clearly defines the constant tension between the guarantee of social rights and the implementation of a state management formula, and demands a means of reconciling the various interests and political ideologies present in the Parliament to obtain the essential approval for the changes urgently required to promote the progress of the country, as well as for political reform.
Keywords Brazil; political reform; political system; electoral system; institutionalization; institutional factors; political development; constitution; welfare state; New Public Management; constitutional amendment; private sector; public sector
Classification Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture; Political System, Constitution, Government
Document language English
Publication Year 2016
Publisher IndraStra Global
City New York
Page/Pages 15 p.
ISSN 2381-3652
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works