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China's Assertive Foreign Policy in South China Sea Under Xi Jinping: Its Impact on United States and Australian Foreign Policy

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Sinaga, Lidya C.

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Abstract This essay examines the impact of the assertiveness of China's Foreign Policy in the South China Sea under Xi Jinping on United States and Australian foreign policy. The essay focuses on the Xi Jinping period from 2013 because Xi has a different approach in foreign policy making from that of his predecessors. His determination to defend and advance maritime claims and interests as well as the external developments, have made his foreign policy more assertive. This essay will argue that China's assertive foreign policy in South China Sea under Xi Jinping has paved the way for a greater role for the US in Southeast Asia, and deepened the rivalry between China and the US. This rising tension in turn has put Australia in a challenging situation, torn between its security alliance with the United States, and its economic interests in China. However, Australia does not have to choose one, but Australia can play a constructive role in the development of some compromise between the two.
Keywords China; foreign policy; United States of America; Australia; conflict potential; conflict of interest; Pacific Rim; Southeast Asia; export policy; security policy; ASEAN; territorial integrity; maritime power; maritime law
Classification International Relations, International Politics, Foreign Affairs, Development Policy; Peace and Conflict Research, International Conflicts, Security Policy
Free Keywords South China Sea
Document language English
Publication Year 2015
Page/Pages p. 133-149
Journal Journal of ASEAN Studies, 3 (2015) 2
ISSN 2338-1353
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-NonCommercial