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Changed priorities in the Gulf: Saudi Arabia and the Emirates rethink their relationship with Egypt

Veränderte Prioritäten am Golf: Saudi-Arabien und die Emirate überdenken ihre Beziehungen zu Ägypten

Sailer, Matthias

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Corporate Editor Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik -SWP- Deutsches Institut für Internationale Politik und Sicherheit
Abstract Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are likely to scale back noticeably on their generous financial gifts to Egypt under its President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. In the one year that King Salman has ruled Saudi Arabia, the kingdom has improved relations with the Muslim Brotherhood, an organization the Egyptian regime portrays as the source of all evil. Riyadh’s overriding priority is now to stem Iran’s influence in the region, particularly in Yemen and Syria. However, in Syria especially, al-Sisi’s stance diverges from Saudi Arabia’s. Moreover, both Riyadh and Abu Dhabi are frustrated by the lack of progress Egypt has made in improving its financial, economic and security situation. In addition, low oil prices have brought about a more restrictive spending policy in the Gulf. Consequently, for the first time since the overthrow of President Mohammed Morsi, Germany and the EU have an opportunity to push for change in Egypt by offering financial support that is made conditional on implementing measures to increase political participation and improve governance. (author's abstract)
Keywords Saudi Arabia; United Arab Emirates; Persian Gulf; Egypt; bilateral relations; international relations; foreign policy; conflict potential; pressure-group politics; financial assistance; Arab countries; Middle East
Classification International Relations, International Politics, Foreign Affairs, Development Policy
Document language English
Publication Year 2016
City Berlin
Page/Pages 8 p.
Series SWP Comments, 8/2016
ISSN 1861-1761
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications