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Challenges faced by expatriate workers in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries

[journal article]

Naithani, Pranav; Jha, A.N.

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v5n1p98

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Abstract Over the last six decades, reliance of Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries’ economy on expatriate workforce has increased incessantly. Majority of private sector workforce in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are expatriates. Recent attempts by governments in GCC countries to localise the workforce, through their workforce nationalisation programmes, have offered limited results. Thus dependence on expatriate workforce will continue in near future and GCC countries, short of professionally and technically qualified local workers will need to employee a large number of expatriates to support their economic and social developments plans. This calls for a systematic approach to understand the specific challenges faced by expatriates of different nationalities in GCC countries, so that these challenges can be addressed to enable GCC countries to become a preferred destination for technically and professionally qualified expatriate workers. This paper presents an overview of GCC countries; reasons for their dependence on expatriate workforce; key current challenges faced by expatriates in GCC countries and suggestions for facilitating adjustment of expatriate workers in GCC countries.
Keywords Persian Gulf; foreign worker; manpower; recruitment; labor demand; working conditions; living conditions; labor law; gender-specific factors; labor migration; protection of employee rights
Classification Labor Market Policy; Human Resources Management; Migration, Sociology of Migration
Document language English
Publication Year 2010
Page/Pages p. 98-103
Journal International Journal of Business Management, 5 (2010) 1
ISSN 1833-8119
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-NonCommercial