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Right-wing extremism and its possible impact to the internal security of the Republic of Estonia

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Liivik, Ero

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Abstract The escalation of issues connected to the emergence of right-wing extremism is a problem with the pan-European dimension. Right-wing extremism is a reactionary and radical response to multiculturalism and globalisation, when some political forces are reluctant or even not capable to accept the co-existence of the people of different skin colours, religions and cultural backgrounds. This can bring about xenophobia, for example, in 2010 France deported the Roma, as they were considered to be a threat to society. International organisations saw the behaviour of French politicians as irresponsible, but it was also interpreted as a way of gaining popularity among French voters. Silvio Berlusconi, an Italian politician, who has been the centre of interest of the international press, has accused immigrants of destabilising the society. Controversial German politician Thilo Sarrazin claimed almost in the same manner that immigrants are often a heavy burden to a country’s social system, also their religion and cultural background can create a disturbing factor not letting them integrate with the rest of society (cultural conflict). Political developments in the European Union indicate that right-wing extremism and radical right-wing parties will work to gain an even wider influence in society. As a member state of the EU, these trends could more or less aff ect Estonian internal security, e.g. street violence and vandalism, hate crimes, etc, herefore needing to be analysed more thoroughly.
Keywords right-wing radicalism; political right; right-wing extremist party; ideology; political culture; xenophobia; antisemitism; Estonia; domestic security; legislation; Baltic States; EU
Classification Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture
Document language English
Publication Year 2015
Page/Pages p. 83-116
Journal Proceedings, Estonian Academy of Security Studies (2015)
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution