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Between norms and interests: US and German democracy promotion in comparison

[working paper]

Wolff, Jonas; Spanger, Hans-Joachim; Karakas, Cemal

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-455198

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Corporate Editor Hessische Stiftung Friedens- und Konfliktforschung
Abstract Academic interest in democracy promotion notwithstanding, there is still little research that systematically compares different democracy promoters with a view to identifying the factors that explain variance in democracy promotion policies. The paper presents results of a research project that set out to contribute to filling this gap by analyzing the democracy promotion policies of two "donors" (USA, Germany) towards six "recipient" countries (Pakistan and Turkey, Bolivia and Ecuador, Russia and Belarus). It studies how "donor" states react to specific challenges that arise from "recipient" countries and that lead to conflicting objectives on the part of the democracy promoters. The paper asks how democracy promoters, across the twelve cases, deal with conflicting objectives and assesses the overall national patterns that characterize U.S. and German democracy promotion. With a view to both tasks, the paper offers causal explanations that are based on a theoretical framework that combines power-, interest- and norm-based determinants. While the mainstream view argues that "hard" interests regularly prevail over "soft" norms in cases of conflict, the analysis shows that the causal effect of the individual determinants on democracy promotion is not uniform, but depends on both the configuration of determinants and on the specific conditions in the "recipient" country.
Keywords Federal Republic of Germany; United States of America; democratization; international comparison; Pakistan; Turkey; Bolivia; Ecuador; Russia; Belorussia; conflict potential; conflict of objectives
Classification International Relations, International Politics, Foreign Affairs, Development Policy; Peace and Conflict Research, International Conflicts, Security Policy
Document language English
Publication Year 2012
City Frankfurt am Main
Page/Pages 21 p.
Series PRIF Working Papers, 15
Status Published Version
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications