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Credibility assessments as "normative leakage": asylum applications, gender and class

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Wikström, Hanna; Johansson, Thomas

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Abstract Based on the assumption that credibility assessments function as "normative leakage" within the asylum process, we analyse how narratives of gender and class are articulated, rendered meaningful, or silenced in credibility assessments. Two cases concerning male applicants are selected in order to illustrate these processes. In relation to the existing concepts of internal/external credibility, we wish to introduce the concept of social credibility, which focuses on how the assessors read different socio-cultural narratives. While previous research has shown that the postcolonial will to protect women favours women as victims of patriarchal cultures, we wish to point out the continuity of this line of argumentation in relation to male and female applicants by adopting a theoretical generalization: male applicants instead become situated at the other end of the spectrum of postcolonial notions of modernity as non-victims, victims of other circumstances or perpetrators. We argue that these processes are accentuated in relation to credibility assessments. In order to prevent processes of social exclusion and to enhance inclusive practice, authorities need to acknowledge the "normative leakage" associated with the assessment process.
Keywords woman; sociocultural factors; credibility; asylum procedure; gender; standard; evaluation; social class; post-colonialism; case study
Classification Women's Studies, Feminist Studies, Gender Studies; Social Problems
Document language English
Publication Year 2013
Page/Pages p. 92-101
Journal Social Inclusion, 1 (2013) 2
ISSN 2183-2803
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution