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Racial profiling as collective definition

[journal article]

Gardner, Trevor G.

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Abstract Economists and other interested academics have committed significant time and effort to developing a set of circumstances under which an intelligent and circumspect form of racial profiling can serve as an effective tool in crime finding-the specific objective of finding criminal activity afoot. In turn, anti-profiling advocates tend to focus on the immediate efficacy of the practice, the morality of the practice, and/or the legality of the practice. However, the tenor of this opposition invites racial profiling proponents to develop more surgical profiling techniques to employ in crime finding. In the article, I review the literature on group distinction to discern its relevance to the practice and study of racial profiling. I argue that the costs of racial profiling extend beyond inefficient policing and the humiliation of law-abiding minority pedestrians and drivers. Racial profiling is simultaneously a process of perception and articulation of relative human characteristics (both positive and negative); it binds and reifies the concepts of race and criminality, fixing them into the subconscious of the profiled, the profiler, and society at large.
Keywords racism; criminality; sociology; police; group formation; ethnicity; exclusion; inclusion; social integration; practice; rhetoric
Classification Criminal Sociology, Sociology of Law; Social Problems
Free Keywords Afroamerikaner; Profilerstellung
Document language English
Publication Year 2014
Page/Pages p. 52-59
Journal Social Inclusion, 2 (2014) 3
Issue topic Policing ethnicity: between the rhetoric of inclusion and the policies and practices of exclusion
ISSN 2183-2803
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution