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Familism and social inclusion: Hispanics in New London, Connecticut

[journal article]

Cruz-Saco, Maria Amparo; López-Anuarbe, Mónika

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Abstract This paper analyzes the financial support and inclusiveness within Hispanic families in New London, Connecticut, and the causes of their social exclusion in the larger society. We designed and administered a survey of 114 items that was answered by 148 participants representing 1,3% of the non-Puerto Rican Hispanic population. Using factor analysis, we reduced a large number of items in two familism scores to four latent factors: "Financial Support for Family", "Obligation to Family", "Plan to Return", and "Filial Responsibility". We found that financial support for family and obligation to family are strongly endorsed by participants. Approximately one-half would return back to their home countries where they believe to be happier. One-fifth rejects this option. Three-quarters of participants remit money to family, parents in particular, who reside in countries of origin. In contrast to other studies, remitting money is not affected by any given personal characteristic such as gender, income or level of education. Similarly, participants remit irrespective of their degree of self-reported familism measured by scores on the latent factors. A large incidence of poverty among this population, lack of English proficiency, low skills, immigration status, and a lack of voice and political representation inhibit their social inclusion.
Keywords inclusion; migration; family; ethnic group; United States of America; deprivation; integration; financial situation; social support; social integration
Classification Social Problems; Family Policy, Youth Policy, Policy on the Elderly
Free Keywords Hispanics
Document language English
Publication Year 2013
Page/Pages p. 113-125
Journal Social Inclusion, 1 (2013) 2
ISSN 2183-2803
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution