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Medicină și politică în periodicul Călăuza sanitară și igienică, București, 1899-1907

Medicine and politics in modern Romania: the sanitary and hygiene handbook, Bucharest, 1899-1907
[journal article]

Livadă-Cadeschi, Ligia

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Abstract Drawing upon the first Romanian journal devoted to the broad promotion of hygiene and health education -The Sanitary and Hygiene Handbook- the article investigates the interaction between politics and medicine, politicians and doctors in modern Romania. Published uninterruptedly between 1899-1907 and considered "essential for the rural sanitary service", the journal shows the evolution and predicaments of the position of the medical profession: as public servants, the physicians were agents of the various territorial sanitary administrations; however, by virtue of their medical expertise and field experience, they were also harsh critics of local and central authorities, claiming a special status in both the design of health policies and their implementation on the ground. This dual and conflictive nature of the medical profession added to the increasing polarisation of the medical profession and of the sanitary staff as a result of the salient "proletarization" of its members in the rural areas, as opposed to the elitist character of the corporation in the capital, well represented among MPs. At the beginning of the 20th century, the debates hosted by the journal testify for the transformation of hygiene and medicine from a doctor-to-patient relation to a generally acknowledged policy sector.
Keywords Romania; hygiene; health policy; health promotion; health care services; administration; physician-patient relationship; physician; political influence; social history
Classification Health Policy; Social History, Historical Social Research; Medical Sociology
Document language Other language
Publication Year 2014
Page/Pages p. 539-557
Journal Studia Politica : Romanian Political Science Review, 14 (2014) 4
ISSN 1582-4551
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works