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A universalistic perspective of national identity and nationalism

[Zeitschriftenartikel]

Tucă, Victor Iulian

Zitationshinweis

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Abstract This article is based on the idea that the nation possesses no reality independent of its images and representation. On the contrary, classical discourse of modern liberalism implies that human beings are engaged in recurrently revising the forms of life and modes of experience which they have inherited and by which "human nature" itself is constituted at in any given time and place. Classical liberalism sees personal identity, not in terms of the mass manufacture of any one type of human being, but as the promotion of the growth of the powers and capacities of autonomous thought and action. In total contradiction with the classic liberalism, the Nazi vision asserts that each individual is a cell belonging to the giant organism that is the people. Nazism was based on the idea that the race is the most important element in defining a human being. Joseph-Arthur de Gobineau discovered that "the engine of history" is not the Marxist class struggle but race struggle. On the other hand, while in the liberal doctrine the individuals take theirs decisions in conformity with theirs own free choices, the communist utopia set up as a certain task, namely, the edification of the bright future of humanity. According to Marxism, nationalism is not a result of a popular movement but it is an action of the bourgeois or intelligentsia towards the masses. The central Marxist's claim that nationalism will not survive capitalism was not proved correct. The argument developed in this article, following the path of Benedict Anderson, is that a nation is more than a text or a discourse that can be understood and deconstructed and it is based on the central myths including symbols, common past, traditions, laws and institutions. The concept of myth is seen as a process through which the history functions as an almost non-conscious foundation for our perception of reality.
Thesaurusschlagwörter democracy; identity; liberalism; Marxism; myth; nation; nationalism; national identity
Klassifikation politische Willensbildung, politische Soziologie, politische Kultur; Allgemeines, spezielle Theorien und Schulen, Methoden, Entwicklung und Geschichte der Politikwissenschaft
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2009
Seitenangabe S. 453-470
Zeitschriftentitel Studia Politica : Romanian Political Science Review, 9 (2009) 3
ISSN 1582-4551
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz Creative Commons - Namensnennung, Nicht kommerz., Keine Bearbeitung
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