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Religion and Gender across Europe

[journal article]

Voicu, Malina

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Abstract European societies have experienced a decrease in the social importance of religious issues. Values and attitudes towards gender roles have also changed in the last decades. In European countries, people have become more egalitarian with respect to the position of women in society. The author tries to identify the relationship between secularization and changes in gender values. As a result of secularization, the individual value system has become fragmented and religious values have lost their coordinating role. The investigation employs cross-national and longitudinal analysis of European Values Survey data (1990, 1999), most of the European countries being included in the study. The results indicate the decreasing impact of traditional religious belief on values related to gender roles during the 1990s in Europe and a common pattern of relationships between gender values and religiosity in most European societies. (author's abstract)
Keywords religiousness; secularization; gender; gender role; woman; role image; role change; value change; value-orientation; Europe; value system; longitudinal study; EVS
Classification Women's Studies, Feminist Studies, Gender Studies; Sociology of Religion; General Sociology, Basic Research, General Concepts and History of Sociology, Sociological Theories
Method quantitative empirical
Document language English
Publication Year 2009
Page/Pages p. 144-162
Journal Social Compass, 56 (2009) 2
ISSN 0037-7686
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.