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Children's reports of parents' education level : does it matter whom you ask and what you ask about?

Schülerberichte über die Elternbildung : spielt es eine Rolle, wen man fragt und was man fragt?
[journal article]

Kreuter, Frauke; Eckmann, Stephanie; Maaz, Kai; Watermann, Rainer

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://dx.doi.org/10.18148/srm/2010.v4i3.4283

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Abstract "Education researchers who study the effect of family social background on student achievement often use students' survey reports of parental education to investigate these effects. However, past research has demonstrated that students misreport their parents' education levels. The authors expand upon this research in two ways. First they use cognitive theories about the response process to develop and test hypotheses about reporting inconsistencies across these variables. Second they evaluate the impact of student misreporting on estimates of the relationship between parental education levels and student math achievement. Using data from the German administration of PISA 2000 (OECD Programme for International Student Assessment) in which both students and parents were asked to report parental variables, the authors show that reporting inconsistencies are a function of student achievement: students with higher math scores tend to provide reports that are more consistent with their parents' reports. This interesting case of differential measurement error has consequences for comparisons of the effects of parental background on student achievement across different subgroups of the population and across countries (a common use of PISA data and other international studies similar to PISA)." (author's abstract)
Keywords PISA study; response behavior; pupil; female pupil; parent education; measurement; error; comparison; international comparison; cognitive factors; Federal Republic of Germany; parents; comparative research; comparative education
Classification Macroanalysis of the Education System, Economics of Education, Educational Policy; Basic Research, General Concepts and History of Education and Pedagogics; Research Design
Document language English
Publication Year 2010
Page/Pages p. 127-138
Journal Survey Research Methods, 4 (2010) 3
ISSN 1864-3361
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications