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Is there a necessary condition for democracy? The role of state capacity in postcommunist countries


Fortin, Jessica


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Abstract Although postcommunist countries share a common past, the variability of outcomes in both democracy and economic reform is very large in the region. Only a few countries have become Western-type democracies in Central and Eastern Europe and the Baltic. By contrast, the norm is clearly not democracy for other Soviet successor states. In this article, the author attributes this variation to differences in the infrastructural capacity of the state. Using both quantitative and qualitative analyses within 26 postcommunist countries, the author argues that for democracy to flourish, the state must first possess the necessary means to maintain law and order and to protect the rights of citizens, in other words, to ensure the maintenance and delivery of essential public goods. The results show that the links between a strong state that has been able to apply a definitive set of rules and democratic institutions are clear. (author's abstract)
Thesaurusschlagwörter democracy; democratization; transformation; Eastern Europe; nonmarket good; government function; constitutional state; civil rights; statehood; post-communist society
Klassifikation Staat, staatliche Organisationsformen; politische Willensbildung, politische Soziologie, politische Kultur
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2012
Seitenangabe S. 903-930
Zeitschriftentitel Comparative political studies, 45 (2012) 7
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0010414011428587
ISSN 0010-4140
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz Deposit Licence - Keine Weiterverbreitung, keine Bearbeitung
Dieser Beitrag ist mit Zustimmung des Rechteinhabers aufgrund einer (DFG geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich.