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Semantic heterogeneity: comparing new semantic web approaches with those of digital libraries

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Krause, Jürgen

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Abstract To demonstrate that newer developments in the semantic web community, particularly those based on ontologies (simple knowledge organization system and others) mitigate common arguments from the digital library (DL) community against participation in the Semantic web. The approach is a semantic web discussion focusing on the weak structure of the Web and the lack of consideration given to the semantic content during indexing. The points criticised by the semantic web and ontology approaches are the same as those of the DL ‘‘Shell model approach’’ from the mid-1990s, with emphasis on the centrality of its heterogeneity components (used, for example, in vascoda). The Shell model argument began with the ‘‘invisible web’’, necessitating the restructuring of DL approaches. The conclusion is that both approaches fit well together and that the Shell model, with its semantic heterogeneity components, can be reformulated on the semantic web basis. A reinterpretation of the DL approaches of semantic heterogeneity and adapting to standards and tools supported by the W3C should be the best solution. It is therefore recommended that – although most of the semantic web standards are not technologically refined for commercial applications at present – all individual DL developments should be checked for their adaptability to the W3C standards of the semantic web. A unique conceptual analysis of the parallel developments emanating from the digital library and semantic web communities. (author's abstract)
Keywords Internet; information retrieval; semantics; indexing; literature documentation; documentation; information science; information management; digitalization; heterogeneity
Classification Information and Documentation, Libraries, Archives; Information Science
Free Keywords Digitale Bibliothek; Semantic Web
Document language English
Publication Year 2008
Page/Pages p. 235-248
Journal Library Review, 57 (2008) 3
Issue topic Digital libraries and the semantic web
ISSN 0024-2535
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.