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Making Citizens: Brazilian Social Policy from Getúlio to Lula

Die brasilianische Sozialpolitik von Getulio bis Lula
[journal article]

Hunter, Wendy

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Abstract "This article compares and contrasts two important phases of social incorporation in Brazil: (i) an early punctuated period that integrated formal sector workers and civil servants under President Getúlio Vargas (1930-1945) and (ii) a later more extended sequence that strived to include the informal sector poor, beginning with the military regime (1964-1985), gaining momentum with the 1988 Brazilian Constitution and the presidency of Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1995-2002), and continuing under President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (2003-2010). It captures the shift from a welfare state based on corporatist principles to one that comes closer to basic universalism. Whereas Vargas's incorporation project addressed workers as producers, later governments incurporated the informal poor as beneficiaries of public policy programs - including income support policies - in a more individualist and liberal fashion." (author's abstract)
Keywords Brazil; South America; Latin America; newly industrializing countries; universalism; corporatism; welfare state; poverty; civil service; social policy
Classification Basic Research, General Concepts and History of Social Policy
Method descriptive study
Document language English
Publication Year 2014
Page/Pages p. 15-37
Journal Journal of Politics in Latin America, 6 (2014) 3
Issue topic Lula’s Brazil and Beyond
ISSN 1866-802X
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-NoDerivs