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The Recalibration of the World and German Foreign Policy

[working paper]

Kappel, Robert; Reisen, Helmut

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Corporate Editor GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies - Leibniz-Institut für Globale und Regionale Studien
Abstract How should Germany position itself in a recalibrated world where China and India are becoming increasingly stronger actors? Since 2014, the People's Republic of China has been practising a more assertive global financial diplomacy than before. Was does that mean for the strategic focus of German foreign policy between the poles of transatlantic commitments and the ever more assertive new powers? On the international stage, an ever growing attractive power emanates from China. The establishment of the New Development Bank (NDB) of the BRICS countries and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), the internationalisation of the renminbi, and the increasing importance of the BRICS group in the G20 and in global debates are some visible recent examples of the large-scale strategy of China and the other new regional powers of building multilateral institutions parallel to those dominated by the West. The United States remains the world's most important international actor, most important military world power, and second most important economic power after the European Union. Its influence and global charisma, however, are dwindling significantly. The European Union and Germany continue to be interested in a close cooperation with the United States, but the attraction of the transatlantic partnership is beginning to erode. The European Union has established numerous international ties, the most important of which are the strategic partnerships with China and India. The European Union, however, is so far limited in its capability to provide global public goods and establish itself as a civil power.
Keywords Federal Republic of Germany; EU; India; United States of America; China; international system; foreign policy; transatlantic relations; political development
Classification International Relations, International Politics, Foreign Affairs, Development Policy
Document language English
Publication Year 2015
City Hamburg
Page/Pages 8 p.
Series GIGA Focus International Edition, 5
ISSN 2196-3940
Status Published Version; not reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works