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Doctrinal and ideological paradigm of the conservatism in the Western European countries

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Gjorshoski, Nikola

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Abstract This paper is an illustration of certain specifications in the conservative discourse in a certain European western countries. Each one of the countries from the western hemisphere has its particular peculiarities that determine the usage of the political operation by the conservative parties. Certainly, the complexity of the conservative ideology study has been enriching with the perception of the most basic practices in the political activity of the right parties in some western countries. This paper consists of a short definition about the conservatism followed by its primary and secondary principles. Then, continues to an individual cases in a three highly developed European countries where as a sample are taken the most significant parties in the conservative and Christian Democrat ideology. The conservatism as a political ideology has been formed in the middle of the XVII century as a resistance towards the shifts and the challenges that were under influence of the enlightenment, industrialization and the urbanization. If the conservatism as a political theory, ideology and practice originates from the countries with foregoing activities, logically emerges a need to study their characteristics. The author’s intention is to represent the traits creating the content of that ideology and activity, what are the distinction marks that would be the most appealing of the certain country, as well as to prove the link with the parties from the conservative family on a European level. The study of the conservatism as a political ideology in the modern ideological- doctrinal spectrum would be certainly impossible if there is no closer look to those paradigms.
Keywords Western Europe; conservatism; political ideology; value-orientation; Gaullism; France; Christian democratic party; Federal Republic of Germany; Great Britain
Classification Basic Research, General Concepts and History of Political Science
Free Keywords British Toryism; French Gaullism; German Christian-democracy
Document language English
Publication Year 2015
Page/Pages p. 51-59
Journal Journal of Liberty and International Affairs, 1 (2015) 1
ISSN 1857-9760
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-ShareAlike