Export to your Reference Manger

Please Copy & Paste



Bookmark and Share

Populists as Chameleons? An Adaptive Learning Approach to the Rise of Populist Politicians

[journal article]

Muis, Jasper

fulltextDownloadDownload full text

(639 KByte)

Citation Suggestion

Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-428600

Further Details
Abstract This paper envisions populism as a vote- and attention-maximizing strategy. It applies an adaptive learning approach to understand successes of populist party leaders. I assume that populists are ideologically flexible and continually search for a more beneficial policy position, in terms of both electoral support and media attention, by retaining political claims that yield positive feedback and discard those that encounter negative feedback. This idea is empirically tested by analyzing the Dutch populist leader Pim Fortuyn and the development of his stance about immigration and integration issues. In contrast to the conventional wisdom, the results do not show any empirical support for the claim that Fortuyn was ideologically driven by the opinion polls or by media publicity during the 2002 Dutch parliamentary election campaign. The findings thus suggest that populist parties are perhaps less distinctive in their strategies from mainstream parties than often claimed.
Keywords political strategy; populism; politician; election campaign; political opinion; opinion formation; voting behavior; political attitude; political right; immigration; Netherlands
Classification Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture
Free Keywords adaptive learning
Document language English
Publication Year 2015
Page/Pages p. 56-74
Journal European Quarterly of Political Attitudes and Mentalities, 4 (2015) 2
ISSN 2285-4916
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works