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Parallel Report to the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities : in the context of the Initial Report of Germany under Article 35 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

[Forschungsbericht]

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Abstract "Germany has made steady efforts to implement the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) since it came i nto force in 2009. The Federal Government, the Länder , and the municipalities are studying the aims of the CRPD and striving (to varying degrees) to promote equal rights and participation for persons with disabilities within their jurisdictions. Numerous steps have been taken in the name of the Convention to promote the rights of persons with disabilities. It is particularly encouraging that many non - governmental actors, including persons with disabilities, now f eel closely involved with the Convention’s ma ndate and are working actively to implement its stipulations. One point of criticism, however, is that these positive developments in many cases have failed to go hand in hand with a paradigm shift in public policy towards more self - determination and equal participation for persons with disabilities. The real structural changes that would lead to this shift have yet to be made. In the view of the National Monitoring Body (NMB), the State Party (SP) is far from having taken all the p ossible and necessary ste ps for the implementation of the Convention in the period from 2009 to 2015. In many cases, the significance and scope of the Convention have failed to have any legal or practical i mpact. For example, no human rights perspective is discernible in the development of government programmes (see Article 6: Protection against Violence for Women and Girls, and Article 14: Rights of People in Psychiatric Care), in legislative measures, or in administrative and court decisions (Article 9: Extending Accessi bility). Although participation by persons with disabilities and their representative organisations is frequently possible, it does not always take place in suitable and meaningful formats (Article 4: Participation). Finally, some of the Convention’s specifications, such as the principle of inclusion, have a socio - political di mension. A controversial public debate about inclusion is underway in Germany, which is reflected in some parts of this report (Article 24: Requirements of an Inclusive School System; Article 27: Employment in Workshops). Many leading institutions in the State Party (Federal Government and the provinces ( Länder )) are in favour o f preserving special facilities for persons with disabilities in their existing form. In some sectors – such a s education, housing, and the workplace – this entails the preservation of double structures (Article 19: De - institutionalisation) which, however, carry the danger of segregation and discrimination. Overall, it is clear that the specifications of the CRPD have not yet had sufficient impact on the everyday r eality of persons with disabilities in Germany. Emphatic recommendations from the CRPD Committee will be necessary to prompt policymakers to address the existing problems, known points of conflict, and un resolved implementation issues with the necessary determination. A further point of criticism concerns the State Party ’s approach to its reporting obligations in this pr ocedure, which fal ls well short of its pot ential. While the Initial Report (2011) mentions a series of initiatives and programmes for promoting the participation of persons with disabilities as well as listing measures to ensure their equality, no sufficiently self - critical analysis of existing problems and deficits in the implementation of the Convention has been carried out so far. Many articles of the State Party’s report simply outline the legal situation without addressing its implem entatio n in practice, so that the State Party’s portrayal of the situation is ultimately unsatisfactory. The State Party has not succeeded in responding to the CRPD Committee’s List of Issues with sufficient a wareness of the problems and necessary solutions and in adequate detail. Some of its answers fail to address the issues at all. Particularly problematic are the responses concerning the jurisdiction of the Länder , some of which do touch on the various problems, but only in greatly simplified form while others a re passed over in their entirety. No proper overview emerges from these descriptions." (author's abstract)
Thesaurusschlagwörter handicapped; disability; UNO; international agreement; Federal Republic of Germany
Klassifikation Recht
Freie Schlagwörter UN-Behindertenrechtskonvention; Staatenberichtsprüfung; Parallelbericht; Monitoring-Stelle zur UN-Behindertenrechtskonvention
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2015
Verlag Deutsches Institut für Menschenrechte
Erscheinungsort Berlin
Seitenangabe 39 S.
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet
Lizenz Deposit Licence - Keine Weiterverbreitung, keine Bearbeitung
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