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Computing Sampling Weights in Large-scale Assessments in Education

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Meinck, Sabine

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Abstract Sampling weights are a reflection of sampling design; they allow us to draw valid conclusions about population features from sample data. This paper explains the fundamentals of computing sampling weights for large-scale assessments in educational research. The relationship between the nature of complex samples and best practices in developing a set of weights to enable computation of unbiased population estimates is described. Effects of sampling weights on estimates are shown, as well as potential consequences of not using weights when analysing data from complex samples. Illustrative examples are provided in order to make it easy to understand the rationale behind the mathematical foundations.
Keywords sample; weighting; response behavior; estimation; educational research; survey research; data capture; measurement; sampling error; social stratification; population statistics
Classification Methods and Techniques of Data Collection and Data Analysis, Statistical Methods, Computer Methods
Document language English
Publication Year 2015
Page/Pages 13 p.
Journal Survey Methods: Insights from the Field (2015)
ISSN 2296-4754
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works