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From flood flows to flood maps: the understanding of flood probabilities in the United States

Von Flutströmen zu Flutkarten: das Verständnis von Flutwahrscheinlichkeiten in den Vereinigten Staaten
[Zeitschriftenartikel]

Rumsey, Brian

Zitationshinweis

Bitte beziehen Sie sich beim Zitieren dieses Dokumentes immer auf folgenden Persistent Identifier (PID):http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-425598

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Abstract In the twentieth century, probability became an important tool in the understanding of flood recurrences and magnitudes. This article focuses on the development of probabilistic flood understandings in the United States. Early efforts focused on projecting flood volumes, but maps of flood risk, brought about in large part by the National Flood Insurance Program, did much to cultivate this way of thinking in a broad audience. Engineers such as Weston Fuller and Allen Hazen, and geographer Gilbert White, play important roles in the trajectory developed in the article. The closely related ideas of the hundred-year flood and the hundred-year floodplain became standard terminology for communicating flood risk, but the knowledge behind them has been called into doubt by the realization of rapid, anthropogenic climate change.
Thesaurusschlagwörter natural disaster; probability; risk assessment; disaster control; insurance coverage; climate change; risk communication; United States of America
Klassifikation Ökologie und Umwelt; Naturwissenschaften, Technik(wissenschaften), angewandte Wissenschaften
Freie Schlagwörter environmental history; National Flood Insurance Program; Weston Fuller; Allen Hazen; quantification methods; 100-year flood
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2015
Seitenangabe S. 134-150
Zeitschriftentitel Historical Social Research, 40 (2015) 2
Heftthema Climate and beyond: knowledge production about the earth as a signpost of social change
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.12759/hsr.40.2015.2.134-150
ISSN 0172-6404
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz Creative Commons - Namensnennung, Nicht kommerz., Keine Bearbeitung
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