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Goals and Behaviour

Cíle a chování
[journal article]

Stuchlík, Milan

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Abstract In the first part of this paper I intend to argue that anthropologists have a predominantly causal conception of explanation and that the only feasible way to avoid this is to apply consistently the assumption of goal-orientation of behaviour, that is to hold what could broadly be called a teleological conception of explanation – a view that developments are due to the purpose or design that is served by them. Further on I will try to show that groups and norms do not exist and act independently of people. They have no existence as “things” apart from forming a part of the relevant stock of knowledge of the members of society. They can be brought to bear on actions only by people invoking them. Thus we have to make a sharp distinction between the conceptual or notional level of phenomena, and the transactional or processual level, sometimes known as cultural and social respectively.
Classification Ethnology, Cultural Anthropology, Ethnosociology
Free Keywords goal orientation of behaviour; groups; norms; causal explanation of behaviour; individual strategies
Document language Other language
Publication Year 2014
Page/Pages p. 9-42
Journal Historická sociologie / Historical Sociology (2014) 2
ISSN 1804-0616
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works