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Civil war violence and political trust: microlevel evidence from Nepal

[journal article]

De Juan, Alexander; Pierskalla, Jan H.

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Abstract Exposure to violence can shape people’s political and social perceptions. War-time effects on trust in state institutions are particularly relevant for political stability in the aftermath of violent conflict. If people distrust the state, they are less likely to endorse reform plans, will be less inclined to comply with state rules and regulations, and may uphold support for challengers of state authority. Our paper contributes to the understanding of the role of violence for trust in the national government. We use high-quality, geo-referenced survey data, joined with village-level information on civil war casualties, to estimate the effects of exposure to violence on political trust in Nepal. We find that exposure to violence matters for reducing trust in the national government. This association seems to be mainly driven by effects of violence at the outbreak of the conflict as well as at the end of the civil war period under investigation. These findings shed new light on the complex associations between exposure to violence and political trust.
Keywords civil war; violence; impact; confidence; political attitude; victimization; Nepal; South Asia
Classification Peace and Conflict Research, International Conflicts, Security Policy; Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture
Document language English
Publication Year 2014
Page/Pages p. 1-22
Journal Conflict Management and Peace Science (2014)
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0738894214544612
ISSN 1549-9219
Status Postprint; peer reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.