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Food standards in trade agreements: differing regulatory traditions in the EU and the US and tips for the TTIP

Lebensmittelstandards in Handelsabkommen: unterschiedliche Regelungstraditionen von EU und USA und Tipps für TTIP

Rudloff, Bettina

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Corporate Editor Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik -SWP- Deutsches Institut für Internationale Politik und Sicherheit
Abstract The European Union is both the largest exporter and importer of agricultural products in the world. Its major trading partners are the United States, Argentina, Brazil, Russia, and China. This trade in agricultural products is influenced by a number of political measures. In addition to tariffs, trade in foodstuffs is increasingly influenced by so-called nontariff measures (NTMs), among which are threshold values for pesticide residues, production standards, and packing- and labeling standards. In fact, such measures can impact the costs of trade much more than tariffs. Reducing these NTMs within the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) offers enormous prospects for economic growth. (author's abstract)
Keywords EU; international economic relations; commerce; international agreement; agricultural product; food; United States of America; regulation; harmonization; risk assessment; WTO
Classification International Relations, International Politics, Foreign Affairs, Development Policy; Economic Policy
Free Keywords Internationale Handelsordnung; Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership
Document language English
Publication Year 2014
City Berlin
Page/Pages 8 p.
Series SWP Comments, 49/2014
ISSN 1861-1761
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications