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Stalinova verze marxismu a jeho "ortodoxní model". Dějiny VKS(b) po pětasedmdesáti letech: kapitola z historické sociologie

Stalin's Version of Marxism as Its "Orthodox" Model : History of the AUCP(b) after Seventy-five Years ; A Chapter from Historical Sociology
[journal article]

Petrusek, Miloslav

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Abstract The article deals with the 1938 treatise History of the All- Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks), abbreviated AUCP(b) - an official treatise from the Stalin era of the USSR which was published on a mass scale. The author puts his reflections in two contexts: 1. the internal Marxist dispute over "orthodoxy", which Stalin resolved by publishing (and co-authoring) this "canonical book", and 2. the myth-forming context, which shows how totalitarian regimes present themselves with their "canonical books". He considers publications preceding the analyzed book, which after Lenin's death included texts by Grigory Zinoviev, Nikolai Bukharin and Leon Trotsky. Then he considers the actual book, focusing in more detail on the absence of two topics and concepts - the state and culture. He pays particular attention to the chapter on dialectic and historical materialism written by Stalin, which completes the simplistic interpretations in the so-called Stalinist Marxism. Like L. Kolakowski, he concludes that the entire Stalinist concept is naturalistic (meaning the naive naturalism of the late 19th century: Marxism guarantees a "scientific world view") and naively nomothetic (all fundamental claims have the form of unquestionable laws).
Keywords Stalin, J.; USSR; Bolshevism; communist party; Marxism; totalitarianism; dialectical materialism; stalinism; communism
Classification Social History, Historical Social Research; Basic Research, General Concepts and History of Political Science; Philosophy, Ethics, Religion
Free Keywords "canonical books" of totalitarian regimes; treatise History of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks); Marxist dispute over "orthodoxy"; Stalinist Marxism
Document language Other language
Publication Year 2013
Page/Pages p. 33-54
Journal Historická sociologie / Historical Sociology (2013) 1
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works