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Conséquences de l'étalement de la ville de Foumbot sur les terres rurales (Ouest du Cameroun)

The consequences of sprawl of Foumbot city on the rural lands (Western Cameroon)
[journal article]

Ngapgue, Jean Noel

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Abstract Foumbot, the pole of coffee development in the Bamoun country, has become the relay center of the foods produced in the region. This new urban function is observed in the city with the creation of the other social and economic infrastructures. Setting-up these structures requires spaces which the former city of coffee plantation cannot offer and the locality launches its tentacles in its periphery (in the outskirts). This sprawl of the city on lands that were not ready to receive it produces certain consequences. This contribution examines the geographical effects of this urban expansion on the new spaces conquered by the city. The analysis of the images taken by a satellite partner in a series of inquires made on the ground shows the expansion of the city towards the neighboring villages. The main forms of this expansion are the invasion of the cultivated surfaces and the swarming along the main roads that cross the colonial plantations of coffee. New homes of urbanization are born and carry the mark of the new urban functions. Urbanization is followed by the modification of the old rural landscapes and by a decrease of the population living only on the work of the earth. This uncontrolled sprawl of the city raises the problem of the rational integration of the cultivated surfaces in the urban tissue and of the population supply with water and social infrastructures.
Keywords Cameroon; urbanization; urban sprawl; center-periphery; village; urban development; agricultural development; land use; industrialization; Central Africa; developing country
Classification Area Development Planning, Regional Research; Sociology of Settlements and Housing, Urban Sociology
Free Keywords urban coffee plantation
Document language French
Publication Year 2014
Page/Pages p. 26-44
Journal Cinq Continents, 4 (2014) 9
ISSN 2247-2290
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works