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Census-linked study on ethnic fertility differentials in Lithuania

[journal article]

Jasilioniene, Aiva; Stankuniene, Vlada; Jasilionis, Domantas

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Abstract Fertility transformations observed since the early 1990s and their determinants have been rather thoroughly investigated in Lithuania. There are fairly numerous national and international studies devoted to this topic, mainly based on survey data. However, none of these studies looks into the effect of ethnicity on fertility. It is, to a large extent, caused by limitations of sample survey data. This study demonstrates potentials of census-linked fertility data to estimate robust and nationally representative parity-specific period fertility measures by ethnicity. The findings of this first systematic study of ethnicity-specific fertility differentials in Lithuania indicate that ethnicity does matter for fertility even in such ethnically homogenous country as Lithuania. Fertility among Lithuanians is higher than in the other ethnic groups, especially among Russians. Lower fertility in the Russian ethnic group is mainly explained by differences in the risk of having the second child. Importantly, this disadvantage remains significant even after controlling for selected compositional characteristics including urban-rural place of residence and education. The approach used in this study may be applied for Latvia and Estonia, where national minorities constitute substantial shares of the entire populations and significantly contribute to overall fertility levels.
Keywords Lithuania; fertility; birth trend; fertility rate; birth order; ethnicity; social factors; microeconomic factors; social change; census
Classification Population Studies, Sociology of Population
Document language English
Publication Year 2014
Page/Pages p. 57-67
Journal Studies of Transition States and Societies, 6 (2014) 2
Issue topic Interdisciplinary Analysis of Post-Socialist Societies
ISSN 1736-8758
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works