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Failed solutions to the energy crises: nuclear power, coal conversion, and the chemical industry in West Germany since the 1960s

Fehlgeschlagene Wege zur Bewältigung der Energiekrisen: Kernkraft, Kohleveredelung und Chemieindustrie in der Bundesrepublik seit den 1960er Jahren
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Marx, Christian

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Abstract By the end of the economic boom in the 1960s, the oil crisis caused an enormous rise in energy prices. Chemical companies, especially, faced a huge challenge due to their dependency on oil as an energy resource and raw material. This paper explores the reaction of West German chemical corporations to the energy crises of the 1970s and their attempts to anticipate future energy crises. First, the companies tried to implement their own industrial nuclear power stations to cut costs and to become more independent from oil. Second, and with the help of the social-liberal government, they attempted to revive coal conversion technology.
Keywords energy supply; crisis; crude oil; price; energy production; coal; nuclear energy; energy policy; energy technology; chemical industry; Federal Republic of Germany
Classification Social History, Historical Social Research; Economic Sectors; Special areas of Departmental Policy
Free Keywords coal refinement; coal conversion
Document language English
Publication Year 2014
Page/Pages p. 251-271
Journal Historical Social Research, 39 (2014) 4
Issue topic The energy crises of the 1970s
ISSN 0172-6404
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works