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Failed solutions to the energy crises: nuclear power, coal conversion, and the chemical industry in West Germany since the 1960s

Fehlgeschlagene Wege zur Bewältigung der Energiekrisen: Kernkraft, Kohleveredelung und Chemieindustrie in der Bundesrepublik seit den 1960er Jahren

Marx, Christian


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Abstract By the end of the economic boom in the 1960s, the oil crisis caused an enormous rise in energy prices. Chemical companies, especially, faced a huge challenge due to their dependency on oil as an energy resource and raw material. This paper explores the reaction of West German chemical corporations to the energy crises of the 1970s and their attempts to anticipate future energy crises. First, the companies tried to implement their own industrial nuclear power stations to cut costs and to become more independent from oil. Second, and with the help of the social-liberal government, they attempted to revive coal conversion technology.
Thesaurusschlagwörter energy supply; crisis; crude oil; price; energy production; coal; nuclear energy; energy policy; energy technology; chemical industry; Federal Republic of Germany
Klassifikation Sozialgeschichte, historische Sozialforschung; Wirtschaftssektoren; spezielle Ressortpolitik
Freie Schlagwörter coal refinement; coal conversion
Sprache Dokument Englisch
Publikationsjahr 2014
Seitenangabe S. 251-271
Zeitschriftentitel Historical Social Research, 39 (2014) 4
Heftthema The energy crises of the 1970s
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.12759/hsr.39.2014.4.251-271
ISSN 0172-6404
Status Veröffentlichungsversion; begutachtet (peer reviewed)
Lizenz Creative Commons - Namensnennung, Nicht-kommerz.