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The role of planning for intention-behavior consistency

[journal article]

Gillholm, Robert; Ettema, Dick; Selart, Marcus; Gärling, Tommy

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-401488

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Abstract Two studies investigated how planning affects intention-behavior consistency. In Study 1 an experimental group and control group which each consisted of 14 undergraduates were requested in computerized interviews to indicate which activities they intended to perform on the following day. Subjects in the experimental group were also requested in a second phase of the interviews to specify when and where they intended to perform the activities. The results showed that activities for which time and place had been specified were more likely to be performed. In Study 2 another 75 undergraduates volunteered to participate in an experiment in which they were requested to perform an activity (reporting mood effects of reading a prose excerpt) by themselves on one of three following days. One group of subjects only agreed to perform the activity, another group agreed to perform the activity as well as indicated when and where they would do it, and a third group in addition to this indicated which other activities they would perform on the same day. In support of the hypothesis that planning an activity increases the likelihood that it will be performed, the results showed that subjects who indicated other activities more frequently performed the target activity. More efficient time management resulting from planning may account for the findings, although further research is needed to show this conclusively.
Keywords intention; activity; recreational activity; time management; time; planning; activation; motivation; action; memory; reminiscence; sociopsychological factors; measurement; attitude; attitude formation; behavior; decision
Classification Social Psychology
Document language English
Publication Year 1999
Page/Pages p. 241-250
Journal Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 40 (1999)
ISSN 0036-5564
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-ShareAlike