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Improvising border security: 'a situation of security pluralism' along South Sudan's borders with the Democratic Republic of the Congo

[journal article]

Schomerus, Mareike; Vries, Lotje De

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Abstract This article compares two cases of securitization along South Sudan’s border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo. By comparing how a security concern – the presence of the Lord’s Resistance Army – was interpreted and responded to, the article shows that border security practices in two borderscapes are improvised, contradictory and contested, and serve to establish authority rather than actually securing the border. This is apparent on three levels: (a) through the multiplicity of security actors vying for authority; (b) in how they interpret security concerns; and (c) in terms of what practice follows. The article argues that by allowing authority at the border to be taken by actors that are not under direct control of the central government, the South Sudanese state is developing as one that controls parts of the country in absentia, either by granting discretionary powers to low-level government authorities at the border or through tactical neglect. Processes of securitization by both state and non-state actors in the borderland are largely disconnected from the South Sudanese central government, which does not claim authority over this border and thus seemingly does not consider the lack of security for its citizens, and the parallel authorities, as a threat to central stability.
Keywords South Sudan; Democratic Republic of the Congo; border protection; border region; national border; social actor; security policy; government
Classification International Relations, International Politics, Foreign Affairs, Development Policy
Free Keywords Lord's Resistance Army; security pluralism
Document language English
Publication Year 2014
Page/Pages p. 279-294
Journal Security Dialogue, 45 (2014) 3
ISSN 1460-3640
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.