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The WHO global code of practice: a useful guide for recruiting health care professionals? Lessons from Germany and beyond

Der WHO-Verhaltenskodex: eine gute Grundlage für die Rekrutierung von Gesundheitsfachkräften?

Angenendt, Steffen; Clemens, Michael; Merda, Meiko

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Corporate Editor Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik -SWP- Deutsches Institut für Internationale Politik und Sicherheit
Abstract Like many rapidly aging countries Germany is experiencing an increasing lack of health care professionals. There is growing interest also in recruiting health care personnel in developing countries, alongside concerns about potential effects of that recruitment on health overseas. In this process, the German government - like many other governments of industrialized countries - has been guided by the World Health Organization's (WHO) 2010 "Global Code of Practice". But this Code has turned out to be inconsistent: on one hand the WHO recommends not recruiting health workers from some countries, while on the other hand guaranteeing their freedom of mobility. To cope with this contradiction, many governments of receiving countries rely on a 2006 WHO list of 57 states with a "critical shortage" of health professionals. That list was constructed using inherently poor and outdated data, and a country's inclusion on the list required numerous debatable judgment calls. How can industrialized countries meet their increasing demand of health care personnel while avoiding negative development outcomes? (author's abstract)
Keywords Federal Republic of Germany; health care delivery system; manpower requirements; recruitment; specialist; WHO; international cooperation; labor migration; occupational mobility; nursing
Classification Health Policy; Labor Market Research
Free Keywords Global Health Governance
Document language English
Publication Year 2014
City Berlin
Page/Pages 8 p.
Series SWP Comments, 22/2014
ISSN 1861-1761
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications