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La liturgie apocalyptique d’un mouvement politique seculaire: Dechiffrer l'ideologie de la Garde de Fer

The apocalyptic liturgy of a secular political movement: decrypting the ideology of the Iron Guard
[journal article]

Chioveanu, Mihai

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Abstract Over the last six decades, a significant number of Western scholars approached the Legion – Archangel Michael as one of the most popular and yet inconsistent variant of European fascism, and portrayed it as too mystical, religious, fanatic, violent, irrational, rabid anti-Semitic, obsessed with an atavistic cult of death and the idea of sacrifice. The article aims to point out that the Legion, a variant of European fascism in its epoch, only made politics religious, supplied (some of) the Romanians with a new political ideology but also with a new religion, political and quasi-secular, that took birth from disillusions and despair as to give men (and women) energy and hope, a religion that encapsulates the European spirit of that time and has less to do with Romania‘s Christian Orthodox heritage.
Keywords fascism; nationalism; Orthodox Church; social movement; political movement
Classification Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture
Document language Other language
Publication Year 2012
Page/Pages p. 47-62
Journal Annals of the University of Bucharest / Political science series, 14 (2012) 2
ISSN 1582-2486
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works