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Microcredit and business-training programs: effective strategies for micro- and small enterprise growth?

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Prediger, Sebastian; Gut, Gundula

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Corporate Editor GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies - Leibniz-Institut für Globale und Regionale Studien
Abstract The World Bank’s most recent Global Financial Development Report (World Bank 2013) has once again stressed lack of both financial capital and business-related knowledge as key impediments to firm growth in developing countries. Yet, the most popular instruments to relax these constraints are largely unsuccessful in spurring firm growth. Most people in developing countries are employed in micro- and small enterprises. Therefore, promoting these firms by providing access to financial capital and basic managerial skills through microcredit and business-training programs has been considered a matter of common sense among experts. However, recent empirical results unambiguously show that these programs are no panacea for poor enterprise development and growth. Many firms have limited access to financial capital, and many owners lack basic managerial skills. These deficits have been frequently assumed to be major impediments to firm growth in developing countries. Microcredit and business-training programs are the most widely used strategies to promote enterprise development. Findings from recent empirical impact evaluation studies suggest that these programs are insufficient to trigger firm growth or job creation. The empirical studies have some limitations, and it remains largely unclear what types of entrepreneurs these programs work best for and why these programs seem to have largely failed to improve business performance. Amendments in key design features of these programs and the development of screening tools to identify and target high-potential entrepreneurs might help improve their effectiveness. Yet, the results show that microcredit and business-training courses are no panacea for stagnant enterprise development everywhere and call for a stronger emphasis on a holistic strategy mix that takes into account context-specific interrelations among different binding constraints.
Keywords developing country; small business; economic development (single enterprise); economic growth; microfinance; investment; promotion of economic development; lending
Classification Economic Policy; Sociology of Developing Countries, Developmental Sociology
Free Keywords micro- and small enterprises; firm growth; managerial skills
Document language English
Publication Year 2014
City Hamburg
Page/Pages 8 p.
Series GIGA Focus International Edition, 3
ISSN 2196-3940
Status Published Version; not reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications