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On the historical roots of the modern welfare state: the Knappschaft statistics of 1861 to 1920 as a source for quantitative historical social research

Zu den historischen Wurzeln des modernen Wohlfahrtsstaates: die Knappschaftsstatistiken der Jahre 1861 bis 1920 als Quelle quantitativer historischer Sozialforschung
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Jopp, Tobias A.

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Abstract "This article introduces the Knappschaft statistics as a basic source for quantitative data on a very important topic in historical social research, namely the rise of the welfare state. Scholars who seek to embark upon historical social research in that direction require both qualitative and quantitative data. Exploring data sources and making data available for general use thus is crucial to systematic research and scholarly discourse. For the period 1861 to 1920, the Knappschaft statistics document the operation of the various German Knappschaftsvereine as the carriers of miners' occupational social insurance at the time. Data on the various Knappschaften are quite rich enabling us to use them as a 'historical laboratory' not merely to study the welfare positions of and social relations in a particular societal class in a particular period, but to explore more general questions related to the roots of modern welfare states, their functioning, and the challenges they face. To stress this point, the author combines the concise overview of the Knappschaft statistics with a straightforward application to the question of the consequences of aging in a pay-as-you-go pension system." (author's abstract)
Keywords German Reich; nineteenth century; welfare state; miners' guild; statistics; qualitative method; historical social research; social research; Prussia; social security; historical development; retirement pension; Weimar Republic (Germany, 1918-33); Bismarck, O.; official statistics; method; Bavaria; Saxony; health insurance; social insurance
Classification Social History, Historical Social Research; Social Security
Method empirical; quantitative empirical; historical
Document language English
Publication Year 2013
Page/Pages p. 311-338
Journal Historical Social Research, 38 (2013) 1
ISSN 0172-6404
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works