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The communist menace in Finsterwolde: conspiring against local authorities? A case study an the Dutch battle against communism, 1945-1951

Die kommunistische Bedrohung in Finsterwolde: eine Konspiration gegen die lokalen Behörden? Eine Fallstudie zum niederländischen Kampf gegen den Kommunismus, 1945-1951
[journal article]

Keesman, Susanne

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Abstract "Since the municipal elections of 1946 (and before in the period 1935-1939), the Communist party had held an absolute majority of seats in the city council of Finsterwolde, a small municipality in the north of the Netherlands. In 1951, the Dutch parliament adopted a custom bill to dismiss this 'Little Moscow'. This article reconstructs the decision-making process that preceded the bill in order to analyze the way the communist threat was framed and securitized. For the administration, legitimizing this rather unique move in Dutch history was essential in order to uphold their democratic standards. The focus of this article is therefore twofold. Both the methods the administration used to invest the communists in Finsterwolde with an aura of imminent threat and the communist reactions to these allegations are discussed." (author's abstract)
Keywords Netherlands; communism; election; election result; communist party; parliament; decision making; bill; historical analysis; small town; administration; post-war period; post-war society; society; cold war; government; political intervention; discussion
Classification General History; Peace and Conflict Research, International Conflicts, Security Policy; Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture
Method empirical; qualitative empirical; historical; theory application
Document language English
Publication Year 2013
Page/Pages p. 211-231
Journal Historical Social Research, 38 (2013) 1
Issue topic Security and conspiracy in history
ISSN 0172-6404
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works