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The "Moro Affair" - left-wing terrorism and conspiracy in Italy in the late 1970s

Die "Affäre Moro" - Linksterrorismus und Verschwörungstheorien im Italien der späten 1970er Jahre
[journal article]

Hof, Tobias

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Abstract "Shortly after the left-wing terrorist group Red Brigades kidnapped the former Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro in March 1978 numerous conspiracy theories began to spread. At the core of many of these theories was - and still is - the belief that the Red Brigades were controlled by a foreign power. The headquarters of Italian left-wing terrorism was suspected everywhere but home. In the following article the author describes the evolution and the different bearers of these theories and addresses their functional character by analyzing possible motives for injecting them into the public discourse. He shows how different groups from the far left to the far right of the political spectrum used conspiracy theories to de-legitimize the political Opponent or legitimize their own policy in relation to the Moro abduction. The Moro murder case shines the clearest light on the triad of terrorism - conspiracy -and anti-terrorism policy in Italy in the late 1970s." (author's abstract)
Keywords Italy; terrorism; fight against terrorism; secret service; attempted assassination; security; security policy; national security; politician; historical analysis; social actor; motive; left-wing radicalism; right-wing radicalism; communist party; party; party system
Classification General History; Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture
Method empirical; qualitative empirical; historical
Free Keywords Verschwörungstheorie
Document language English
Publication Year 2013
Page/Pages p. 232-256
Journal Historical Social Research, 38 (2013) 1
Issue topic Security and conspiracy in history
ISSN 0172-6404
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works