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Nationalsozialismus und Populismus

[journal article]

D'Onofrio, Andrea

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Abstract "In the various stages of its development - from a small right-wing extremist movement, opposed to the democratic parliamentary system of the Weimar Republic, to the solely ruling party of the most gruesome dictatorships of the 19th century - nationalsocialism always bore features of protest- or government populism. This is characterized by a massive personalization and emotionalisation of politics, the use of bogeyman figures and enemy stereotypes in an extremely dichotomous and simplified world view, a vertical juxtaposition of 'below' (the people) and 'above' (the elites/ the system), frequent calls upon the 'Volk' with an aggressive and depreciating attitude towards political adversaries, promises of liberation and salvation by a charismatic Leader are some of the most important populist features of the national socialist party, which can at least partly be attributed to its 'völkisch' origins. In any understanding, some features of nationalsocialism are distinctly not populist, e.g. the will to power, the claim of totalitarianism, the readiness for tactical compromise and the massive use of force and terror prevent an interpretation of nationalsocialism as a populist phenomenon tout court." (author's abstract)
Keywords Nazism; populism; Hitler, A.; National Socialist German Workers' Party; presidential election; crisis; antisemitism; dictatorship; power struggle; people; Weimar Republic (Germany, 1918-33); propaganda; ritual; emotionality; politics; ideology; agriculture; Schleswig-Holstein; racism; Federal Republic of Germany
Classification General History; Political System, Constitution, Government
Method descriptive study; historical
Document language German
Publication Year 2012
Page/Pages p. 257-277
Journal Totalitarismus und Demokratie, 9 (2012) 2
Issue topic Populismus und Faschismus / Populism and fascism
ISSN 1612-9008
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications