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War der Faschismus populistisch? Überlegungen zur Rolle des Populismus in der faschistischen Diktatur in Italien (1922-1943)

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Cavazza, Stefano

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Abstract "The article analyses the relationship between populism and fascism. The author argues that fascism cannot be considered a populist ideology or a populist movement. Nevertheless, populist elements can be found in the fascist political discourse. The article analyses four points in fascist ideology and propaganda, comparing them with populist features: the appeal to the people as a form of legitimation, rural ideology, resentment against the bourgeoisie in the Tate thirties and the way Mussolini's image was represented. The article demonstrates that populist elements played an important role at the beginning, advertising the movement among the people. After the fascists seized power, populism still featured in regime propaganda, but in a more manipulative role." (author's abstract)
Keywords Italy; fascism; populism; historical development; dictatorship; role; political movement; modernity; concept; political right; discourse; people; legitimation; political system; elite; criticism; democracy; crisis; peace time; violence
Classification General History
Method historical
Document language German
Publication Year 2012
Page/Pages p. 235-256
Journal Totalitarismus und Demokratie, 9 (2012) 2
Issue topic Populismus und Faschismus / Populism and fascism
ISSN 1612-9008
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications