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Legitimation durch Performanz? Zur Output-Legitimität in Autokratien

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Schmidt, Manfred G.

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Abstract "This article explores the role of the output legitimacy in autocracies. A review of recent contributions to the study of autocracies and the analysis of data on outputs and outcomes do not support the view that autocracies are capable of generating a high level of output legitimacy through high levels of political performance. A wider range of barriers such as performance dilemmas, resource constraints, deficient processing of information, and trade - offs tend to inhibit the generation of large - scale output legitimacy in most autocracies. The solution suggested by rational choice institutionalism for the 'dictator's dilemma', namely repression and political exchange, is, thus, in most cases either not feasible or feasible only in a limited, non - sustainable fashion. These findings lend support to the view that non - democracies suffer from a comparative structural 'autocracy disadvantage'. Autocratic leaders are therefore faced with the difficult task of having to choose between alternative modes of legitimation - as long as they prefer to escape the 'dictator's dilemma' - or acceptance of the dictator's dilemma and increasing levels of repression in order to sustain power." (author's abstract)
Keywords legitimation; dictatorship; German Democratic Republic (GDR); historical analysis; comparative research; political economy; economic growth; China; Singapore; conflict of objectives; Far East; developing country; Southeast Asia; Asia
Classification Basic Research, General Concepts and History of Political Science; Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture
Method descriptive study; empirical; quantitative empirical
Document language German
Publication Year 2012
Page/Pages p. 83-100
Journal Totalitarismus und Demokratie, 9 (2012) 1
Issue topic Ideokratien im Vergleich : Legitimation, Kooptation, Repression / Ideocracies in comparison : legitimation, cooptation, repression
ISSN 1612-9008
Status Published Version; reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications