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'Dreams don't come true in Eritrea': anomie and family disintegration due to the structural militarisation of society

"In Eritrea werden keine Träume wahr": Anomie und Familiendesintegration als Folge der strukturellen Militarisierung der Gesellschaft
[journal article]

Hirt, Nicole; Mohammad, Abdulkader Saleh

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Please use the following Persistent Identifier (PID) to cite this document:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0168-ssoar-383422

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Abstract This article analyses contemporary Eritrea's acute crisis within the framework of the theory of anomie. It is based on the hypothesis that militarisation, forced labour, mass exodus and family disintegration can be interpreted as the consequences of two incompatible norm and value systems: the collectivist, nationalistic and militaristic worldview of the former liberation front and ruling party People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ), and the traditional cultural system of Eritrea's society. In 2002 the regime introduced an unlimited ‘development campaign’, thereby forcing large parts of the society to live as conscripts and perform unpaid labour. This has caused a mass exodus of young people and a rapid process of family disintegration. The article is based on empirical fieldwork and evaluates the ongoing developments which have led to rapid economic decline and the destabilisation of the entire fabric of society.
Keywords Eritrea; militarization; military service; social relations; anomie; social system; family; conflict potential; conflict situation; forced labor; flight; migration; value system; ideology; economic development (on national level); family situation; developing country; East Africa
Classification Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture; Peace and Conflict Research, International Conflicts, Security Policy; Family Sociology, Sociology of Sexual Behavior
Free Keywords Militär und Gesellschaft; People's Front for Democracy and Justice (Eritrea)
Document language English
Publication Year 2013
Page/Pages p. 139-168
Journal The Journal of Modern African Studies, 51 (2013) 1
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022278X12000572
ISSN 1469-7777
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Deposit Licence - No Redistribution, No Modifications
This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.