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The Black International conspiracy as security dispositive in the Netherlands, 1880-1900

Die Verschwörung der 'Schwarzen Internationale' als Sicherheitsdispositiv in den Niederlanden, 1880-1900
[journal article]

Graaf, Beatrice de

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Abstract "In this paper the author introduces the fight against anarchism at the end of the 19th century as a security dispositive. An analysis of the emergence of the dispositive of the Black International conspiracy and the rise of new modes of governance in the wake of the fight against violent anarchism in the Netherlands is presented as a bottom-up process of securitization, enabled by two remarkable episodes of anarchist activities in the Netherlands in 1894 and 1895-1898. Regional prosecutors and Police commissioners capitalized on this (foreign) anarchist threat to instigate large-scale police reforms in terms of bureaucratization, standardization and centralization. New technologies of imagination, imported from abroad, helped to advance these processes of securitization and modernization." (author's abstract)
Keywords Netherlands; nineteenth century; security; security policy; anarchism; historical analysis; threat; social actor; police; modernization; violence; political group; agenda setting function; terrorism; criminality; attempted assassination; network; internationalization; information technology; national security; dispositif
Classification General History; Peace and Conflict Research, International Conflicts, Security Policy
Method empirical; qualitative empirical; historical
Free Keywords Verschwörungstheorie; Securitization
Document language English
Publication Year 2013
Page/Pages p. 142-165
Journal Historical Social Research, 38 (2013) 1
Issue topic Security and conspiracy in history
ISSN 0172-6404
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works