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Security and cross-border political crime: the formation of transnational security regimes in 18th and 19th century Europe

Sicherheit und grenzübergreifende politische Kriminalität: die Formierung transnationaler Sicherheitsregime in Europa im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert
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Härter, Karl

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Abstract "This contribution proposes to observe Foucault's concept of the security dispositive from the angle of transnational security and criminal law regimes. Since the late 18th century security and securitization became not only a prime category and field of national policies and discourses but were increasingly influenced by transnational issues and cross-border security threats (or narratives) such as international crime, transnational political violence and international conspiracies. This was accompanied by the formation of transnational security regimes, which concerned cross-border security policies, discourses and legal norms in the fields of extradition, political asylum, and police cooperation, with a variety of different actors: states, police organizations, experts, international organizations. These transnational security regimes and their respective fields were characterized by complex interdependencies and interactions as well as by legal pluralism, flexibility, fragmentation, collisions, and 'Entrechtlichung', transgressing national security and extending securitization to indefinite 'global' security spaces. Though this could be interpreted as an 'international security dispositive' it as well challenges Foucault's concept which, in the end, should be substituted by the historical mode) of 'transnational security regimes'." (author's abstract)
Keywords Europe; security; criminality; eighteenth century; nineteenth century; transnationalization; regime; political criminality; law; police; cooperation; political asylum; security policy; French revolution; impact; social actor; Germany; cross-border cooperation; national state; international organization; dispositif
Classification Peace and Conflict Research, International Conflicts, Security Policy; Criminal Sociology, Sociology of Law; General History
Method descriptive study; historical
Free Keywords Securitization
Document language English
Publication Year 2013
Page/Pages p. 96-106
Journal Historical Social Research, 38 (2013) 1
Issue topic Security and conspiracy in history
ISSN 0172-6404
Status Published Version; peer reviewed
Licence Creative Commons - Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works